ID guide | introduced ants

Ophiocordyceps myrmicarum, a new species infecting invasive Myrmica rubra in Maine

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2014
Authors:R. D. Simmons, Lund, J., Levitsky, T., Groden, E.
Journal:Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Date Published:Jan-12-2014
Keywords:Ascomycota, nucSSU rDNA, rpb1, Systematics, tef1

Myrmica rubra L. (Formicidae: Hymenoptera), an invasive ant species in Maine, has been problematic in coastal communities over the past 15 years and the subject of studies on its ecology, effects, and management. In recent years we observed a fungus growing from moribund M. rubra (in vitro) and have isolated multiple cultures of this previously unreported fungus over 2 y. We analyzed morphology and DNA molecular sequences of this fungus and identified it as a member of the genus Hirsutella Pat. (Ophiocordycipitaceae; Hypocreales), the use of which is suppressed in favor of a monophyleticOphiocordyceps clade. Molecular and morphological characters support the description of this fungus as a new species, O. myrmicarum, which is the first species in this genus to be isolated from North American M. rubra.

Short Title:Journal of Invertebrate Pathology
Taxonomic name: 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith