ID guide | introduced ants

Exotic ants in The Netherlands (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2008
Authors:P. Boer, Vierbergen B.
Journal:Entomologische Berichten (Amsterdam)

*[Exotic ants in The Netherlands are examined, mainly based on interceptions by the Plant Protection Service, recent investigations in botanical gardens & zoos, & revision of collection material. A total of 76 species could be identified. At ports of entry, 39 species have been intercepted, that are not reported from any establishment in the country. Thirty-seven species got established indoors, 23 temporarily & 14 locally. Most frequently encountered is Monomorium pharaonis, followed by Linepithema humile, Tapinoma melanocephalum, & Technomyrmex albipes. The latter is now the most common species in botanical gardens and zoos, where it replaced Paratrechina longicornis & L. humile. Many exotic species are temporary, due to pest control or environmental changes. Better hygiene in houses & increased pest control prevented local establishment in the last decades, despite the increasing number of introductions. Moreover, most exotics are poor colonizers & not able to settle and/or spread after arrival. Up till now, all these introductions did not have any influence on the outdoor ant fauna. The only exotics rarely encountered outdoors are Camponotus vagus, Crematogaster scutellaris, Plagiolepis taurica, & Lasius emarginatus. They settled locally & give no indication of spread to other locations.] In text & table 2, Myrmicinae misselled Myrmecinae. Leafcutter & fire ants are only quarantine interceptions or temporary infestations.

Alternate Journal:Entomol. Ber. (Amsterdam)


This article refers to additional introduced and intercepted ant species that are not currently included in the Antkey classification. Here is the entire list: Acromyrmex coronatus; Acromyrmex lundi; Anoplolepis gracilipes; Brachymyrmex obscurior; Brachymyrmex patagonicus; Camponotus aegyptiacus; Camponotus atriceps; Camponotus bugnioni; Camponotus canescens; Camponotus fastigatus; Camponotus herculeanus; Camponotus mitis; Camponotus pennsylvanicus; Camponotus planatus; Camponotus vagus; Cardiocondyla nuda; Cardiocondyla wroughtonii; Cephalotes curvistriatus; Crematogaster algirica; Crematogaster scutellaris; Crematogaster sordidula; Iridomyrmex; Gnamptogenys striatula; Hypoponera eduardi; Hypoponera punctatissima; Hypoponera schauinslandi; Lasius emarginatus; Lasius lasioides; Lepisiota obtusa; Linepithema humile; Linepithema iniquum; Monomorium destructor; Monomorium floricola; Monomorium latinode; Monomorium pharaonis; Monomorium salomonis; Odontomachus brunneus; Odontomachus haematodes; Odontomachus monticola; Oecophylla longinoda; Oecophylla smaragdina; Pachycondyla unidentata; Paratrechina bourbonica; Paratrechina flavipes; Paratrechina longicornis; Paratrechina steinheili; Paratrechina vividula; Pheidole anastasii; Pheidole dossena; Pheidole fervens; Pheidole laticornis; Pheidole megacephala; Pheidole pallidula; Pheidole punctatissima; Pheidole susannae; Plagiolepis alluaudi; Plagiolepis pygmaea; Plagiolepis schmitzii; Plagiolepis taurica; Prenolepis nitens; Pseudomyrmex gracilis; Pseudomyrmex; Solenopsis gayi; Solenopsis geminata; Solenopsis invicta; Strumigenys minutula; Tapinoma melanocephalum; Tapinoma sessile; Technomyrmex albipes; Technomyrmex foreli; Temnothorax subditivus; Tetramorium bicarinatum; Tetramorium insolens; Tetramorium lanuginosum; Tetramorium pacificum; Tetramorium simillimum; Wasmannia auropunctata.

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